Entry4_DoThiHongHanh

19 Nov

Entry 4: Argument structures and fallacies

Item 1:

 

“…She said that she would dance with me if I brought her red roses,” cried the young Student, “but in all my garden these is no red rose…”

 

(Oscar Wilde, the Nightingale and the Rose, 1888)

– Structural fallacy: denying the antecedent

Analysis:

She would dance with me if I brought her red roses (if A, then B)

But in all my garden these is no red rose (not A)

Hidden conclusion: She won’t dance with me (not B)

 

Item 2:

 

“Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists…”

(George W. Bush, The Washington Post, 2001)

 

Source: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/nation/specials/attacked/transcripts/bushaddress_092001.html

– Fallacy of presumption: false dilemma

Analysis: (“either-or”) It gives a choice between “with us” and another “with the terrorists” even though there are other choices which could be made. People can be a neutral, for example.

Item 3:

 

Quảng cáo Bia Sài Gòn Special

Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vHIUpTmbM6s

– Fallacy of ambiguity

Analysis:  « không cao » is an ambiguous phrase because there is no criteria to measure the height and no object to compare.

“người khác” is also an imprecise phrase because it refers to no specific group of people.

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