22 Nov

Entry 4 Argument structure and fallacies Item 1:

Nhà làm phim Darryl Roberts đã nảy sinh ý tưởng cho bộ phim này khi ông thực

hiện một cuộc điều tra ngẫu nhiên trên đường phố Chicagô. Ông hỏi 200 người phụ nữ

xem họ có cảm thấy mình hấp dẫn không, chỉ có 2 trong số họ trả lời là “có”.

Trong một cuộc phỏng vấn của tờ “New York Sun” về bộ phim, Robert cho biết “ Không có gì là phức tạp cả. Tôi tính toán rằng nếu 198 người phụ nữ trả lời là “không” tức là 99% phụ nữ cảm thấy mình không hấp dẫn”.

Và từ khám phá bất ngờ đó ông đã nghĩ tới việc làm một bộ phim tài liệu tìm hiểu xem nguyên nhân dẫn đến suy nghĩ đó là gì.

Source: http://www.idr.edu.vn/diendannghiencuu/showthread.php?t=2144

→ Hasty generalization.

Director Darryl Roberts used an inference on a small number of women who he asked ( 200 women ) as the basis for a broader generalization ( all women).

Item 2:

1. No one can receive an NYU degree unless he or she has paid tuition to NYU.

2. Shoeless Joe Jackson received an NYU degree.

→ So, Shoeless Joe Jackson paid tuition to NYU.

Source: http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/vocab/argument.html

→ Weak argument with false premises

In this argument, the conclusion does in fact follow from the premises, but at least one of the premises is false. It’s not true that one has to pay tuition in order to receive an NYU degree. (NYU gives out a number of honorary degrees every year to people who were never NYU students, and never paid tuition.) Moreover, in fact, it is not true that Shoeless Joe Jackson received an NYU degree. Therefore, this argument is not strong enough to persuade that Shoeless paid tuition to NYU.

Item 3:

Father to daughter: Either you buy a large car and watch it guzzle away your paycheck, or you buy a small car and take a greater risk of being injured or killed in the event of an accident.

Source: http://www.don-lindsay-archive.org/skeptic/arguments.html#cliche

→ False dilemma

Father just gave his daughter only two choices without considering other ones. He showed out that one of two outcomes is inevitable, and both have negative consequences. In fact, apart from the two above, the daughter can go on foot or other means of transportation such as buses which are also safe.


2 Responses to “Entry4_NguyễnThiSim”

  1. nguyenthihuyen November 24, 2011 at 3:51 pm #

    Your entry is precise in terms of content and you are quite good at analyzing the argument fallacies. However, in the 2nd and 3rd item, I think it would be more interesting if you could find and analyze the fallacies in some advertisements, articles or stories which contain the certain context to help us more understand about the analysis.
    Anyway, you did a good job!

  2. duongthithuhuong November 24, 2011 at 6:11 pm #

    I think the second item is true argument. Moreover, you should take the argument in the real life instead of taking from this kind of website.

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